Shawn Corey Carter (born December 4, 1969 in Brooklyn, New York), is an American rapper and former president and CEO of Def Jam and Roc-A-Fella Records. He is more commonly known as Jay-Z or by a variety of stage names including S. Carter, Jigga, Hova, Hov, and Young Hov. He is regarded as one of the most prolific and successful American rappers of the mid-90s and early 2000s and is known for his use of metaphors, freestyling abilities, word play, flow, and blending of street and popular hip hop. He is one of the most respected rappers in the music industry, and is admired for his ability to craft songs from memory without the use of pen and paper. He married his long time girlfriend Beyonce in November 2008. He is one of the founders of Roc-A-Fella Records, a hip-hop record label which also launched the careers of artists such as Beanie Sigel, Kanye West, Memphis Bleek, Young Gunz, Freeway, and Teairra Mari. As of 2008, he is estimated to be worth around $367 million.