Sure. This paper deals specifically with comparisons between the healthcare of the U.S. and Canada. This won't be too off topic either, as healthcare is likely to be a main issue for Romney's campaign. The paper is relatively new, so you have to pay for it, but I'll drop some of the important screenshots and the intro.
Health Status, Health Care and Inequality: Canada vs. the U.S.
June E. O'Neill, Baruch College, CUNY and NBER
Dave M. O'Neill, Baruch College, CUNY
It is often alleged that Canada's publicly-funded, single payer health care system, delivers better health outcomes, and distributes health resources more fairly than the mainly private U.S. multi-payer system. Our findings contradict these allegations. Differences between the U.S. and Canada in infant mortality and life expectancy --the two indicators most commonly used as evidence of better health outcomes in Canada—cannot be attributed to differences in the effectiveness of the two health care systems because they are strongly influenced by differences in cultural and behavioral factors such as the relatively high U.S. incidence of obesity and of accidents and homicides.
Moreover, direct measures of the effectiveness of medical care, show that five-year relative survival rates for individuals diagnosed with various types of cancer are higher in the U.S. than in Canada as are infant survival rates of low-birth weight babies. These successes are consistent with the greater U.S. availability of high level technology, higher rates of screening for cancers, and higher treatment rates of the chronically ill. The need to ration when care is delivered "free" ultimately leads to long waits.
Waiting times for medical services are a major problem in Canada and a source of unmet needs. In the U.S. costs are more often cited as a source of unmet needs. Nonetheless, with respect to the issue of inequality, we find that the health-income gradient is at least as prominent in Canada as it is in the U.S. When asked about satisfaction with health services and the ranking of the quality of services recently received, more U.S. residents than Canadians respond that they are fully satisfied and rank quality of care as excellent. To address these issues we use the Joint Canada/ U.S. Survey of Health (JCUSH) along with other data sources.
Infant Mortality rates
Canada has a lower infant mortality rate than the U.S., however, the researchers aim to prove that it cannot be attributed to the quality of the Canadian healthcare system. Babies born with a low birthweight have a higher risk of infant mortality. The researchers point out that the U.S. has a larger proportion of low birthweight babies as a result of higher rates of teen pregnancy. When this is accounted for, they show that the U.S. healthcare system produces higher quality outcomes.
Compare the 5.4 "birthweight specific" infant mortality rate for the U.S. with the 5.5 observed infant mortality rate for Canada.
Compare the 6.85 observed infant mortality rate for the U.S. with the 7.06 "birthweight specific" infant mortality rate for Canada.
The researchers found that when accounting for accidents, homicides, and cardiovascular disease, a significant portion (60-90%) of the mortality gap, and therefore life expectancy, between Canada and the U.S. is explained. None of those three factors have anything to do with the quality of the medical system.
With that accounted for, Canada's 11th place life expectancy
compared with the U.S.'s 36th place, seems to be less a reflection of the quality of healthcare in either country, but more a reflection of other societal factors.
Waiting times for medical services are a major problem in Canada and a source of unmet needs. In the U.S. costs are more often cited as a source of unmet needs.
There are other studies that back up these claims and some that cite other societal factors as reasons for the differing outcomes, but that took a lot of fucking time lol.
I'd say all in all, this is kind of depressing because it implies that our relatively poor health outcomes cannot be solved by simply reforming our healthcare system, but will require much larger cultural change.